John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (/ɡɨˈlɛspi/;
October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an
American jazz trumpeter, bandleader,
composer and occasional singer.
Allmusic's Scott Yanow wrote, "Dizzy
Gillespie's contributions to jazz were huge.
One of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all
time (some would say the best), Gillespie
was such a complex player that his
contemporaries ended up copying Miles
Davis and Fats Navarro instead, and it was
not until Jon Faddis's emergence in the
1970s that Dizzy's style was successfully
recreated . . . Arguably Gillespie is
remembered, by both critics and fans alike,
as one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all
Gillespie was a trumpet virtuoso and
improviser, building on the virtuoso style of
Roy Eldridge but adding layers of harmonic
complexity previously unknown in jazz. His
beret and horn-rimmed spectacles, his scat
singing, his bent horn, pouched cheeks and
his light-hearted personality were essential
in popularizing bebop[citation needed].
In the 1940s Gillespie, together with Charlie
Parker, became a major figure in the
development of bebop and modern jazz. He
taught and influenced many other musicians,
including trumpeters Miles Davis, Fats
Navarro, Clifford Brown, Arturo Sandoval,
Lee Morgan, Jon Faddis and Chuck
Wikipedia Artist Biography - Dizzy Gillespie
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